Minggu, 06 Maret 2011

SLEMAN: Leptospirosis mulai meresahkan warga di empat kecamatan di Sleman. Data Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Sleman mencatat, sedikitnya 12 warga dinyatakan positif terinfeksi sejak awal tahun ini.


Wilayah rawan tersebut meliputi, Kecamatan Moyudan, Minggir, Gamping dan Berbah. Gamping dan Berbah tergolong baru karena sebelumnya belum pernah terjadi kasus serupa. Ancaman penyakit yang disebabkan bakteri leptospirosis sp ini tak lepas dari tingginya populasi tikus di empat kawasan tersebut. Apalagi keempat wilayah tersebut masih musim panen.


"Kami selalu kawalahan mengatasinya disawah. Tidak ada obat yang manjur, terpaksa warga mengandalkan gropyokan masal karena paling efektif," ujar Wahyudi,petani asal Balecatur Gamping kepada Harian Jogja, Kamis (3/3).

Ditemui terpisah di kantornya, Kepala Dinas kesehatan Kabupaten Sleman, Mafilindati Nuraini mengatakan dari empat kecamatan, Moyudan tergolong paling rawan.
Hingga kemarin, tercatat sembilan warga dinyatakan positif terinfeksi. Pemeriksaan dilakukan di puskesmas dengan rapid tes. Hasilnya, penderita diidnikasikan memiliki riwayat kontak dengan tikus.


"Moyudan tahun sebelumnya juga terdapat temuan kasus serupa. Rata-rata memiliki riwayat kontak dengan tikus, kemungkinan saat di sawah," ujar dia.
Bahkan hasil paparan para ahli menunjukkan bakateri ini dapat ditularkan oleh tikus kecil (curut), tikus got dan tikus rumahan. Penularannya melalui air kotor yang sudah tercemar urin tikus atau kontak langsung dengan urin tikus.


Langkah antisipasi lanjut dia, menjadi tangungjawab bersama. Di Pemkab, Dinkes sudah berkoordinasi dengan dinas pertanian mengenai adanya ancaman ini. Masyarakat juga diimbau menjaga kebersihan ligkungan.
"Menutup makanan agar tidak terkontaminasi tikus. Biasakan pola hidup bersih dan membrantas tikus dari lingkungan rumah masing masing," ujar dia.


Sementara itu, Pemkab Bantul telah menetapkan Kejadian Luar Biasa (KLB) pada penyakit leptospirosis sejak akhir Januari lalu. Endemi penyakit yang disebabkan tikus itu telah menyebar di hampir semua kecamatan di Bantul.


Kepala Dinas Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Edy Suharyanta, berujar pihaknya telah berupaya memberantas sarang-sarang tikus Namun Pemkab menemui kesulitan terutama di Kecamatan Sedayu. Pasalnya, tikus- tikus banyak bersarang di bantalan kereta api yang panjangnya mencapai 1,5 kilometer dan berbatasan Kecamatan Moyudan yang berada di wilayah administratif Sleman.


Oleh Sumadiyono
HARIAN JOGJA





Sleman Turn Threatened Rat


SLEMAN: Leptospirosis began to bother residents in the four sub-district in Sleman. Data Sleman District Health Office records, at least 12 people tested positive for the infection since the beginning of this year.


Vulnerable areas include, District Moyudan, Move, Gamping and Berbah. Limestone and Berbah are new since the previous similar case has never happened.
The threat of disease caused by bacteria leptospirosis sp is not separated from the high population of rats in the four regions. Moreover, the four districts was still harvest season.
"We always deal with paddy fields kawalahan. There is no good medicine, forced residents to rely on mass gropyokan because most effective," said Wahyudi, peasant origin Balecatur Gamping to Jogja Daily, Thursday (3 / 3).


Met separately at his office, the Head of Sleman District Health Office, Mafilindati Nuraini said of the four districts, Moyudan considered most vulnerable.
Until yesterday, there were nine people tested positive for infection. Investigation performed at the clinic with rapid tests. As a result, patients diidnikasikan have a history of contact with rodents.


"Moyudan previous year there were also findings of similar cases. The average has a history of contact with rodents, the possibility of time in the field," he said.
Even the results of exposure to the experts indicate this bakateri can be transmitted by small rodents (mice), mice and rats got home. Transmission through dirty water contaminated rat urine or direct contact with the urine of rats.


In anticipation he added, became tangungjawab together. In local government, health office has been coordinating with the agricultural department of the existence of this threat. Citizens are also advised to maintain cleanliness ligkungan.
"Closing the food so as not contaminated mice. Get used to clean lifestyle and home environment membrantas rats from each," he said.


Meanwhile, Bantul Regency has set a Unusual (KLB) in leptospirosis disease since late January. Endemic disease caused by rats that had spread in almost all sub-districts in Bantul.


Head of the Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Edy Suharyanta, said his party has tried to eradicate the nests of mice, however Pemkab difficulty especially in Sub Sedayu. Because many of the rats nest on the train bearing length is 1.5 kilometers and is bordered Moyudan District located in the administrative area of Sleman.


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