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Gawat! Banyak Anak Korban Pelecehan Belum Terlindungi

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, YOGYAKARTA - Banyak anak yang menjadi korban kekerasan dan pelecehan seksual belum mendapat perlindungan optimal, kata psikolog dari Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta Endang Ekowarni. "Pekerjaan anak adalah bermain, tetapi kenyataan di Indonesia banyak di antara mereka yang diajak bekerja dan dijual sebagai komoditas seksual," katanya dalam diskusi Kajian Ilmiah Perkembangan Anak, di Yogyakarta, Selasa (28/6).


Ia mengatakan trauma psikologi pada anak-anak yang menjadi korban kekerasan dan pelecehan seksual sulit dihilangkan dari ingatan anak, sepanjang pelaku masih berada dan tinggal tidak jauh dari lingkungan si anak. "Ada rasa takut, karena pelakunya adalah orang dekat, sebelah rumah atau serumah. Jadi pelaku kekerasan seksual pada anak diharuskan keluar dari lingkungan si anak agar tidak menimbulkan rasa trauma," katanya.

Menurut dia, anak tidak mudah untuk melepaskan trauma karena kebanyakan pelaku masih dalam lingkungan si anak, sehingga trauma yang terbangun dalam memorinya mengikuti karakter perkembangan anak. "Anehnya, hakim atau jaksa di pengadilan belum sepenuhnya mempercayai pengakuan anak yang menjadi korban pelecehan seksual. Tidak jarang di setiap persidangan, hakim mendatangkan psikolog untuk memberikan pendapat atas pengakuan korban," katanya.


Ia mengatakan dalam kasus pelecehan seksual, kebanyakan anak tidak pernah berbohong. Meskipun dalam visum sering disebutkan organ kelamin anak mengalami luka atau trauma akibat benda tumpul.


Anak biasanya berbohong untuk hal-hal khusus terhadap sesuatu yang tidak disukainya, seperti makan, mandi, dan mengerjakan pekerjaan rumah. Namun, jika menjadi korban pelecehan seksual, si anak pasti tidak akan berbohong karena organ seksual mereka masih mengalami sakit dan nyeri.


"Oleh karena itu, untuk lebih mengetahui tentang psikologi anak, para penegak hukum perlu lebih banyak membaca buku perkembangan anak," kata Guru Besar Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) itu.





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Serious! Many Child Victims of Abuse Not Protected


REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, YOGYAKARTA - Many children who are victims of violence and sexual harassment have not received optimal protection, says psychologist from the University of Gadjah Mada (UGM) in Yogyakarta Endang Ekowarni. "The work of children is play, but the reality in Indonesia, many of them to work and sold as sexual commodities," he said in the discussion of Scientific Studies Child Development, in Yogyakarta, on Tuesday (28 / 6).


He said psychological trauma in children who are victims of violence and sexual abuse of children is difficult to remove from memory, all the actors are located and not far from the child's environment. "There is fear, because the culprit is someone close, or the house next door. So the perpetrators of child sexual abuse are required to exit from the child's environment so as not to cause a sense of trauma," he said.


According to him, the child is not easy to release the trauma as most perpetrators are still in the child's environment, so the trauma is awakened in his memory following the character development of children. "Surprisingly, the judge or prosecutor in court has not fully trust the recognition of children who are victims of sexual harassment. It is not uncommon in every trial, the judge brought a psychologist to give an opinion on the recognition of victims," he said.


He said in cases of sexual abuse, most children never lie. Although frequently mentioned in the post mortem organ or sex of the child suffered wounds caused by blunt force trauma.


Children usually lie to specific things on something that does not like, such as eating, bathing, and doing homework. However, if a victim of sexual abuse, the child would not lie because of their sexual organs are still experiencing aches and pains.


"Therefore, to know more about child psychology, law enforcement officers need to read a book a child's development," said the Professor of Psychology at the University of Gadjah Mada (UGM).

Posted by Wawan Kurniawan on 02.17. Filed under , , , , . You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. Feel free to leave a response

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